Montessori Traditional
Child reinforces learning by repetition and feels of success Learning is reinforced by rewards and external repetition
Emphasis on cognitive and social development Emphasis on social development
Individual instruction Group instruction
Mixed age group Same age group
Child set own learning pace Learning pace set by group or class
Child discovers own concepts from self-teaching materials Teacher guild concepts
Child chooses own work Activities created for child
Child can work as long as they desire on a project Specific time is allotted for project/activities
Teacher has an unobtrusive role in the room Teacher is the leader or “controller” of the class
Child can identify own errors based on the materials Errors are generally discovered by teacher
Environment encourages self-discipline with natural consequences Teacher enforces discipline and generates consequences